enable apt-get autocomplete

Debian Administration

I was wondering how to enable auto complete of packages for apt-get command in Backtrack linux. I recalled a day when I firstly installed Ubuntu on my laptop, and I was searching for a way to manipulate packages. I was not able to know every package nor versioning. Thus, searching on the Internet I finally found the bash_completion. This is a utility with very powerful abilities for users and programmers. In order to understand better what bash_completion is, I advice you to take a look at debian’s article about bash_completion utility .


Now lets tell how to enable this feature if not already enabled.  There are two ways both includes shell commands and the changes last for the terminal session you use.


source /etc/bash_completion


. /etc/bash_completion

From now on you are able to use Tab key to autocomplete / suggest commands like:

apt-get ins [TAB]
apt-get install dove[TAB]
apt-get install dovecot[TAB]
dovecot dovecot-gssapi dovecot-pgsql
dovecot-antispam dovecot-imapd dovecot-pop3d
dovecot-common dovecot-ldap dovecot-postfix
dovecot-core dovecot-lmtpd dovecot-sieve
dovecot-dbg dovecot-managesieved dovecot-solr
dovecot-dev dovecot-mysql dovecot-sqlite
apt-get install dovecot dovecot-antispam dovecot-ldap

If you want to permanently enable this utility you have to edit your



vi /etc/bashrc

You have to find the following lines in this file:

# enable bash completion in interactive shells
#if [ -f /etc/bash_completion ] && ! shopt -oq posix; then
#. /etc/bash_completion


and uncomment (deleting the #) the following lines

if [ -f /etc/bash_completion ] && ! shopt -oq posix; then
. /etc/bash_completion

This how to, tutorial enable apt-get autocomplete, is the same for all debian based distributions like ubuntu, linux mint, debian, kubuntu, backtrack linux and more…


Linux ps command tutorial

If you want to see a full description of the Linux ps command view this article

A common way to use the ps command is:

ps ux

which shows all the processes currently running under your username in an easy to read table format. The “u” specifies the format, and the “x” makes sure all processes under your user name are included.

The displayed table has the following colomns:


which includes the user name, the process ID, percent of CPU used, percent of memory used, virtual and resident memory size, start time and accumulated time, and finally the command line used to start the process.

To include all processes of all users you would add the “-a” flag:

ps -aux

To see the processes running under another user name you would use the “U” flag. For example

ps U jjones

will list all processes run by user “jjones”.

Adding the “u” flag will list the processes in the user friendly format:

ps uU jjones

If you want to see a full description of the Linux ps command view this article

Linux ps command

If you want to see a simple linux ps command tutorial visit this article



ps – report process status


ps [options]


ps gives a snapshot of the current processes. If you want a repetitive update of this status, use top. This man page documents the /proc-based version of ps, or tries to.


This version of ps accepts several kinds of options.

Unix98 options may be grouped and must be preceeded by a dash.
BSD options may be grouped and must not be used with a dash.
GNU long options are preceeded by two dashes.

Options of different types may be freely mixed.

Set the I_WANT_A_BROKEN_PS environment variable to force BSD syntax even when options are preceeded by a dash. The PS_PERSONALITY environment variable (described below) provides more detailed control of ps behavior.



Switch            Description

-A        select all processes

-N        negate selection

-a         select all with a tty except session leaders

-d         select all, but omit session leaders

-e         select all processes

T          select all processes on this terminal

a          select all processes on a terminal, including those of other users

g          really all, even group leaders (does nothing w/o SunOS settings)

r           restrict output to running processes

x          select processes without controlling ttys

–deselect        negate selection



Switch            Description

-C        select by command name

-G        select by RGID (supports names)

-U        select by RUID (supports names)

-g         select by session leader OR by group name

-p         select by PID

-s         select processes belonging to the sessions given

-t          select by tty

-u         select by effective user ID (supports names)

U         select processes for specified users

p          select by process ID

t           select by tty

–Group           select by real group name or ID

–User  select by real user name or ID

–group            select by effective group name or ID

–pid     select by process ID

–sid     select by session ID

–tty      select by terminal

–user   select by effective user name or ID

-123     implied –sid

123      implied –pid



Switch            Description

-O        is preloaded “-o”

-c         different scheduler info for -l option

-f          does full listing

-j          jobs format

-l          long format

-o         user-defined format

-y         do not show flags; show rss in place of addr

O         is preloaded “o” (overloaded)

X          old Linux i386 register format

j           job control format

l           display long format

o          specify user-defined format

s          display signal format

u          display user-oriented format

v          display virtual memory format

–format           user-defined format



Switch            Description

-H        show process hierarchy (forest)

-m        show all threads

-n         set namelist file

-w        wide output

C         use raw CPU time for %CPU instead of decaying average

N         specify namelist file

O         sorting order (overloaded)

S          include some dead child process data (as a sum with the parent)

c          true command name

e          show environment after the command

f           ASCII-art process hierarchy (forest)

h          do not print header lines (repeat header lines in BSD personality)

m         all threads

n          numeric output for WCHAN and USER

w         wide output

–cols   set screen width

–columns        set screen width

–cumulative    include some dead child process data (as a sum with the parent)

–forest            ASCII art process tree

–html   HTML escaped output

–headers         repeat header lines

–no-headers   print no header line at all

–lines  set screen height

–nul     unjustified output with NULs

–null    unjustified output with NULs

–rows  set screen height

–sort    specify sorting order

–width set screen width

–zero   unjustified output with NULs



Switch            Description

-V        print version

L          list all format specifiers

V          show version info

–help   print help message

–info    print debugging info

–version          print version



Switch            Description

A          increase the argument space (DecUnix)

M         use alternate core (try -n or N instead)

W         get swap info from … not /dev/drum (try -n or N instead)

k          use /vmcore as c-dumpfile (try -n or N instead)

If you want to see a simple linux ps command tutorial visit this article